(9)Learning Chinese Language and Modern popular Chinese idioms by means of English


中國成語

Modern
popular Chinese idioms

現代通用中國成語解譯

Common
interpretation of modern Chinese idioms

9

1.

 

shuǐ ( xiè ) bù tong

 

水(泄)不通

 

Environment is very crowded,
even water

cannot flow out

 

sì zhōu de huán jìng bèi wéi dǔ dé fēi cháng

yán mì, lián shuǐ dōu bù néng shùn lì liú dòng chū qù。

四周的環境被圍堵得非常嚴密,連水都不能順利流動出去。

The
surrounding environment is very tight containment, even water cannot flow out
smoothly.

 

 

xíng róng huán
jìng fēi cháng yōng jǐ huò jiàn

zhù wù bèi rén qún bāo wéi。

形容環境非常擁擠或建築物被人群包圍。

 

 

Describe
the environment is very crowded or building surrounded by the crowd.

 

 

bǎi huò gōng sī jǔ xíng yì nián yí dù dà jiǎn jià, gù kè bǎ gōng sī wéi rào dé shuǐ xiè bù tōng。

 

百貨公司舉行一年一度大減價,顧客把公司圍繞得水泄不通。

 

Annual
Sale at department stores, customers crowded around the company.

 

 

2.

 

(jǔ)zhǐ dà fang

 

(舉)止大方

 

Every move is extraordinary,
attitudes calm, generous, non-ordinary people can be compared

yì jǔ yí dòng dōu cóng róng zì rán duān zhuāng bù sú。

 

一舉一動都從容自然,端莊不俗。

 

Every
movement naturally calm, dignified and impressive.

 

 

sū shān xiàng mào duān zhèng měi mào ,jǔ

zhǐ dà fāng ,shuō huà bù duō, cháng dài

xiào róng。

 

蘇珊相貌端正美貌,舉止大方,說話不多,常帶笑容。

 

Susan
looks correct beauty, generous manner, does not speak much, often with a
smile.

 

 

3.

 

yī ( xiè ) qiān li

 

一(瀉)千里

 

Falls water, poured rapidly
downstream

 

xíng róng jiāng hé shuǐ liú sù dù ,bēn liú

zhí xià, bù yī huì biàn liú dòng qiān li zhī yáo。

 

形容江河水流速度,奔流直下,不一會便流動千里之遙。

 

Describe
the flow rate of rivers, flowing straight down, and soon it flows thousands
of miles away.

 

 

cháng
cháng yòng lái bǐ yù wén zhāng qì
shì hěn dà, wén bǐ liú chàng bēn fàng 。

 

常常用來比喻文章氣勢很大,文筆流暢奔放。

 

Often
used to mean a great momentum articles, writing fluency and imaginative.

 

 

4.

 

yuán
(xiāo) jiā jié

 

元(宵)佳節

 

Chinese traditional festivals,
this day is called Lantern Festival

 

 

zhōng guó mín jiān chuán tǒng jié rì, zài nóng lì zhēng yuè shí wǔ yè jiān 。

 

 

中國民間傳統節日,在農曆正月十五夜間。

 

Chinese
folk festivals in the Lunar New Year night.

 

 

cóng táng dài kāi shǐ, zhè yì tiān wǎn shang ,yǒu

guān shǎng huā dēng xún yóu 、yǒu rang mín zhòng

jìng cāi dēng mí jié mù。

 

從唐代開始,這一天晚上,有觀賞花燈巡遊、有讓民眾競猜燈謎節目。

 

From
the Tang Dynasty, this night, there are ornamental lantern parades; there are
programs for people guessing riddles.

 

 

 

5.

 

 

jiǔ (xiāo) yún wài

 

九(霄)雲外

 

The highest point of the sky

 

xíng
róng bǐ cǐ de jù lí yáo yuǎn dé wú yǐng

 

wú zōng, zài tiān jì jí gāo 、jí yuǎn de dì fang。

 

 

形容彼此的距離遙遠得無影無踪,在天際極高、極遠的地方。

 

 

Describe the distance between far
without a trace, high in the sky, very far away.

 

 

 

tā bǎ wǒ men de zhōng gào pāo dào le jiǔ xiāo yún wài。

 

他把我們的忠告拋到了九霄雲外。

 

He put our advice thrown out the
window.

 

 

 

6.

 

chū rén ( tóu ) de

 

 

出人(頭)地

 

 

The unexpected success exceeded

 

shì
yè chéng jiù chāo chū yì bān rén de biāo

 

zhǔn, gāo guò bié rén yì děng jí。

 

 

事業成就超出一般人的標準,高過別人一等級。

 

Career success beyond most
people’s standards, a level higher than the others.

 

 

 

wǒ xī wàng zì jǐ de nǚ ér jiāng lái néng

chū rén tóu de 。zào fú shè huì。

 

我希望自己的女兒將來能出人頭地,造福社會。

 

I hope my daughter will be able
to succeed for the benefit of society.

 

 

 

7.

 


shēng bù ( xiǎng )

 

不聲不(響)

 

Do not speak, do not say
anything to remain silent

 

 

zài
mǒu qíng kuàng xià
,shuō huà de
biǎo qíng,

méi yǒu zài wài zài háng dòng biǎo lù chū lái 。

 

在某情況下,說話的表情,沒有在外在行動表露出來。

 

In
certain circumstances, to speak of expression, did not show it out in action.

 

 

xíng róng dāng chǔ lǐ rèn hé shì qíng, dōu

 

bǎo chí chén zhuó tài du。

 

形容當處理任何事情,都保持沉着態度。

 

Described
when dealing with any matter, remain calm attitude.

 

 

 

8.

 


gù yí qiè

 

不(顧)一切

 

 

Do things without regard to
risk, stick with it

 

wèi le dá dào
mù biāo, zhǐ bēn xiàng yí gè mù

biāo, bǎ yí qiè dōu pāo kāi bú gù le。

 

為了達到目標,只奔向一個目標,把一切都拋開不顧了。

 

In
order to achieve the target, only toward a goal, regardless of everything
aside.

 

 

 

suī rán zāo dào jiā rén fǎn duì ,tā hái shì

bú gù yí qiè qù tóu kǎo xiāo fáng yuán。

 

雖然遭到家人反對,他還是不顧一切去投考消防員。

 

Although
his family was opposed, he was desperate to applying for firefighters.

 

 

 

9.

 

 


shí dà tǐ

 

不識大(體)

 

Not from the overall, long-term
perspective to deal with problems

 

 

chǔ lǐ nán tí, bù dǒng dé cóng
guān jiàn

 

diǎn zhuó yǎn ,bù kǎo lǜ zhěng tǐ de hé cháng yuǎn de lì yì。

 

處理難題,不懂得從關鍵點着眼,不考慮整體的和長遠的利益。

 

Deal
with problems; do not know the key points from the focus, not considering the
overall and long-term interests.

 

 

 

dà tǐ: bù dǒng dé chǔ lǐ shì qíng de guān jiàn diǎn。

 

大體:不懂得處理事情的關鍵點。

 

Do
not know how to deal with the critical point.

 

 

 

10.

 

(wéi) miào (wéi) xiào

 

(惟)妙(惟)肖

 

Describing the portrait, with an
air of realism, vivid.

xíng róng mó fǎng bié rén de wài mào ,

shēng dòng bī zhēn。

 

形容模仿別人的外貌,生動逼真。

 

Describe the imitation of
someone else’s appearance, vivid and lifelike.

 

 

zhè
yì fú rén xiàng huà ,bà r tóng huó
pō yǒu

qù de shén tài, huà dé wéi miào wéi xiào。

 

這一幅人像畫,把兒童活潑有趣的神態,畫得惟妙惟肖。

 

This is a portrait painting,
children’s fun and lively demeanor, painting vividly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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